Every simulation (not just in batch) may generate report which summarizes its inputs and outputs in a human-readable form; it is usually in the XHTML format. There is one report for each simulation.


VTK Export

Woo exports python script for Paraview which serves to set the visualization pipeline so that important features of DEM are shown. This includes particles, force networks, transparent meshes and movies. This topic is covered in Paraview.

Results database

Finished jobs may write some resulting data to results database in the lightweight SQLite format. Saved data include batch information, when was the simulation running, plot information, preprocessor parameters and plot data series.

When running in batch, the database is usually named as the parameter table, only with the results suffix – in the batch example, it is dt.results. Standalone simulations use preprocessor-defined name, FallingHorse uses horse.results.


The database file is never deleted, only appended to. Running the same batch several times will therefore leave results of old batches intact.

SQLite databases can be accessed from virtually any programming language. Contained data are serialized using the neutral JSON representation, so that it can be processed with any language (Python, JavaScript, Matlab, …). Working with the database directly is an advanced topic not covered in this brief introduction. The easiest way is to use XLS dump of the database exaplined in the next section.

XLS dump

The database file is (usually) converted to a xls file after every write (dt.xls in the batch example). It contains most data in the database, and is suitable for human post-processing, such as creating ad-hoc figures or aggregating results in a non-automatic manner.

The first worksheet contains each simulation in one column:

title dt.05 dt.1 dt.2
batchtable dt.xls dt.xls dt.xls
batchTableLine 6 5 4
finished 2013-01-03 23:21:55.011794 2013-01-03 23:21:34.595636 2013-01-03 23:20:35.838987
sceneId 20130103T231904p19387 20130103T231843p19371 20130103T231837p19356
duration 171 171 118
formatNumber 3 3 3 file:///tmp/dt.05.20130103T231904p19387.xhtml file:///tmp/dt.1.20130103T231843p19371.xhtml file:///tmp/dt.2.20130103T231837p19356.xhtml
misc.simulationName horse horse horse
plots.t relErr relErr relErr
plots.i.0 total total total
pre.damping 0.2 0.2 0.2
pre.gravity.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
pre.gravity.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
pre.gravity.2 -9.81 -9.81 -9.81
pre.halfThick 0.002 0.002 0.002
pre.mat.__class__ woo.dem.FrictMat woo.dem.FrictMat woo.dem.FrictMat
pre.mat.density 1000.0 1000.0 1000.0 -1 -1 -1
pre.mat.ktDivKn 0.2 0.2 0.2
pre.mat.tanPhi 0.546302489844 0.546302489844 0.546302489844
pre.mat.young 50000.0 50000.0 50000.0
pre.meshMat None None None
pre.pWaveSafety 0.05 0.1 0.2
pre.pattern hexa hexa hexa
pre.radius 0.002 0.002 0.002
pre.relEkStop 0.02 0.02 0.02
pre.relGap 0.25 0.25 0.25
pre.reportFmt /tmp/{tid}.xhtml /tmp/{tid}.xhtml /tmp/{tid}.xhtml

Other worksheets contain number series for each single simulation; worksheets are named using title and sceneId (e.g. dt.7_20130103T231904p19387)

elast grav i kinetic nonviscDamp plast relErr t total
NaN 0 0 0 NaN NaN 0 0 0
NaN -2.42618457156355E-005 10 1.94633917852084E-005 4.85206822100937E-006 NaN 0 0.0025455844 5.39152126996832E-008
NaN -0.0001024389 20 0.000082005 2.04874799044186E-005 NaN 0 0.0050911688 5.39152127070668E-008
NaN -0.0002345312 30 0.0001876789 4.6905934128109E-005 NaN 0 0.0076367532 5.39152127214935E-008
NaN -0.0004205387 40 0.0003364848 8.41074308920784E-005 NaN 0 0.0101823376 5.39152127212767E-008
NaN -0.0006604614 50 0.000528423 0.000132092 NaN 0 0.0127279221 5.39152126490417E-008
NaN -0.0009542993 60 0.0007634933 0.0001908596 NaN 0 0.0152735065 5.39152126933856E-008

Aggregate results

Simulations may define their own routines for aggregating reults from multiple simulations in an arbitrary manner. Those routines are called (via postHooks argument to woo.batch.writeResults) after every write to the databse – that way, synchronization of the aggregate data is assured.

Usually, they can produce aggregate figure for the whole batch, as in the horse example:



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